Name: 
 

From the Age of Exploration to the Birth of a Nation - Study Guide



Matching
 
 
a.
Hernando De Soto
d.
Jacques Marquette
b.
John Cabot
e.
Louis Joliet
c.
“son of the sun”
 

 1. 

English explorer who was looking for a shorter route to Asia.
 

 2. 

What de Soto claimed to be.
 

 3. 

Catholic Priest sent to explore the interior of North America.
 

 4. 

fur trapper who explored North America
 

 5. 

landed in La Florida.
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
export
d.
colony
b.
mercantilism
e.
commerce
c.
import
 

 6. 

the idea that a country gains power by building a supply of gold and silver
 

 7. 

the buying and selling of goods in large amounts over long distances
 

 8. 

to sell to other countries
 

 9. 

to buy from other countries
 

 10. 

a settlement of people living in a new territory controlled by the homeland
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
George Washington
d.
limited government
b.
Thomas Jefferson
e.
popular sovereignty
c.
representative government
 

 11. 

the idea that government may use only the powers given it by the people
 

 12. 

People elect representatives to make laws and conduct government.
 

 13. 

the idea that government receives its powers from the people
 

 14. 

was made leader of the colonial army in 1775
 

 15. 

wrote the Declaration of Independence
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 16. 

Encounters between native peoples and foreign explorers
a.
had little impact on either culture.
c.
occasionally impacted one or the other culture.
b.
always resulted in changes to both.
d.
always destroyed one of the two cultures.
 

 17. 

Columbus fueled the fires of exploration by
a.
telling stories of great riches.
c.
telling stories about the beautiful lands and people he had discovered.
b.
telling stories about the fountain of youth.
d.
none of these.
 

 18. 

Conquistadors were
a.
Portuguese solders.
c.
Spanish soldiers-explorers.
b.
French explorers.
d.
English missionaries
 

 19. 

Hernando De Soto and his men landed in “La Florida”
a.
10 years after Columbus landed in the Americas.
c.
at the same time as Columbus was landing in the Caribbean.
b.
about 20 years after Columbus landed in the Americas.
d.
about 50 years after Columbus landed in the Americas.
 

 20. 

De Soto and his men entered Arkansas when they crossed the Mississippi River
a.
in the spring of 1541.
c.
in the fall of 1552.
b.
in the summer of 1972.
d.
in 1492.
 

 21. 

What happened to De Soto?
a.
he returned to Spain a hero.
c.
he died and was dropped into the Mississippi River.
b.
he returned to Spain disgraced.
d.
he died and was buried in a Indian Burial Mound.
 

 22. 

How did European diseases impact the Native Americans?
a.
The Indians were not impacted by the diseases.
c.
The Indians quickly developed a natural immunity to the diseases.
b.
The Indians had already developed immunity to the diseases.
d.
Many Indians died because they had no natural immunity to the diseases.
 

 23. 

When French explorers arrived,
a.
they treated the Native Americans like the Spanish had done previously.
c.
they fought with the Native Americans.
b.
they established good relations with the Native Americans.
d.
they fought with the Spanish explorers.
 

 24. 

La Salle called his new French colony
a.
La Arkansaw.
c.
La Florida.
b.
La Mississippi.
d.
La Louisiane.
 

 25. 

La Salle
a.
died of disease while exploring.
c.
died fighting the Spanish.
b.
was killed by his own men.
d.
died while fighting Indians.
 

 26. 

Arkansas Post was first established by
a.
the Spanish in 1492.
c.
the Quawpaw before the Europeans arrived.
b.
the French in 1686.
d.
none of these
 

 27. 

The Arkansas Post was
a.
never moved.
b.
moved from time to time.
 

 28. 

Mercantilism brought
a.
goods and services to the mother country.
c.
military resources to the mother country.
b.
gold and silver to the mother country.
d.
wealth and power to the mother country.
 

 29. 

Farming was
a.
very successful at the Arkansas Post.
c.
not important at the Arkansas Post.
b.
very difficult at the Arkansas Post.
d.
none of these.
 

 30. 

Bernard de la Harpe was sent to
a.
find new territory.
c.
find a route to Asia.
b.
find legendary treasures.
d.
none of these.
 

 31. 

“La petit roche” means
a.
big rock.
c.
sand stone.
b.
green rock.
d.
little rock.
 

 32. 

The French and Indian War ( Seven Years War) was
a.
between the French and the Indians.
c.
between the French and the Americans.
b.
between the French and the Spanish.
d.
between the French and the British.
 

 33. 

Arkansas became a part of America
a.
after the French and English War.
c.
after Spain defeated the French.
b.
after the American Revolution
d.
after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
 

 34. 

The Treaty of Paris ended
a.
the French and English War.
c.
the American Revolution.
b.
the Twelve Years war.
d.
none of these.
 

 35. 

Chief Angaska was
a.
a Chickasaw warrior.
c.
a British ally.
b.
an ally of the Spanish at Arkansas Post.
d.
none of these.
 

 36. 

The invention of the ____ and ____ by the Arabs and Chinese made European exploration possible.
a.
astrolabe, compass
c.
rudder, sail
b.
telescope, compass
d.
astrolabe, sail
 

 37. 

Europeans studied works of ____ and ____ to learn geography of the known world.
a.
Henry the Navigator, Columbus
c.
de Gama, Dias
b.
Ptolemy, al-Idrisi
d.
Cabot, Cartier
 

 38. 

____ started the slave trade in the Americas.
a.
Gold
c.
Silk
b.
Spices
d.
Sugar
 

 39. 

Mercantilism was the reason that Europeans first set up trading posts and colonies in
a.
China and Japan.
c.
Asia and North America.
b.
Africa and Asia.
d.
Africa and India.
 

 40. 

The ____ paid peasants to produce products.
a.
cottage industry
c.
mercantilism
b.
entrepreneur
d.
artisans guild
 

 41. 

The first European people to build colonies in the Americas were the
a.
French.
c.
English.
b.
Spanish.
d.
Germans.
 

 42. 

What group of English settlers seeking religious freedom were the first to come to North America?
a.
English Catholics
c.
Puritans
b.
Quakers
d.
Muslims
 

 43. 

The House of Burgesses set up a ____ form of government.
a.
monarchy
c.
constitutional
b.
democracy
d.
representative
 

 44. 

____ led the American colonists to rebel against British rule.
a.
Trade rules
c.
A shipment of bad tea
b.
Property laws
d.
Taxes
 

 45. 

This document told the British that the colonies were separating and forming a new nation.
a.
the Declaration of Independence
c.
the Constitution
b.
Common Sense
d.
The Social Contract
 



 
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